NH4NO2 → N2 + H2O

Tailieumoi.vn ikufuna kukufotokozerani za equation pyrolysis yaying’ono4AYI2 toAKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O kuphatikiza momwe amachitira, njira, zochitika ndi zochitika zina zofananira kuthandiza ophunzira kuphatikiza chidziwitso chawo chonse ndikuchita luso lawo pochita masewera olimbitsa thupi a Nito’s chemical reaction equations. Tikukupemphani kuti muwonere:

Equation yaing’ono ya pyrolysis4AYI2 toAKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O

1. Chemical Reaction Equation

ANG’ONO4AYI2 to AKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O

2. Chodabwitsa cha kuzindikira kwamachitidwe

Pali gasi akutuluka

3. Zoyenera kuchita

– Kutenthetsa pang’ono.

4. Mankhwala katundu

Yankhani ndi mankhwala amchere

– Miyezo yambiri ya mchere wa ammonium imakhudzidwa ndi madzi amchere ikatenthedwa kuti ipange mpweya wa ammonia.

Chitsanzo:

ANG’ONO4Cl + NaOH to ANG’ONO3↑ + NaCl + H2O

Net ionic equation ndi:

AKAZIH4+ + UWU→ ANG’ONO3+2O

→ Izi anachita kwa ammonium ion kuzindikira ndi zasayansi kukonzekera ammonia.

pyrolysis reaction

Mchere wa ammonium umawonongeka mosavuta ndi kutentha.

– Ammonium salt okhala ndi ma radicals a non-oxidizing acid akatenthedwa amawonongeka kukhala NH.3.

Chitsanzo:

ANG’ONO4Cl (r) to ANG’ONO3+ HCl↑

– Ammonium carbonate ndi ammonium bicarbonate salt amawola pang’onopang’ono ngakhale kutentha kwa firiji, akatenthedwa, zomwe zimachitika mwachangu.

(CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 (r) to ANG’ONO3+ ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3 (r)

ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3 (r) to ANG’ONO3+ CO2+2O

Zindikirani: ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3 (pophika ufa) amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga keke ya siponji.

– Ammonium salt imakhala ndi ma oxidizing acids monga nitrous acid, nitric acid pamene pyrolysis imapatsa N2mkazi2O.

Chitsanzo:

ANG’ONO4AYI2 to AKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O

ANG’ONO4AYI3 toAKAZI2O + 2H2O

Izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera mpweya wa N2 ndi MAYI2O mu labotale.

5. Momwe mungachitire

Small mchere pyrolysis4AYI2

6. Kodi mumadziwa?

– Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera N2 mu labotale.

7. Zochita Zogwirizana

Funso 1: Mchere womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ufa wophikira muzakudya ndi

A. CaCO3.

B. Na2CO3.

C. ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3.

D. ANG’ONO4Cl.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO C

Anthu amagwiritsa ntchito mchere WOCHEPA4Mtengo wa HCO3 kuphika ufa mu chakudya.

Ndime 2: Pali mayankho atatu osalembedwa: NaCl; ANG’ONO4Cl; NANO3. Ndi iti mwazinthu zotsatirazi zomwe zitha kusiyanitsa njira zitatu:

A. Phenolphthalein ndi NaOH.

B. Cu ndi HCl.

C. Phenol phthalein; Ku ndi H2SO4 washy .

Xem thêm:  NaBr + Cl2 → NaCl + Br2

D. Blue litmus ndi AgNO3.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

Litmus wofiirira akawonjezeredwa ku zitsanzo zitatu, pamakhala ANG’ONO4Cl imakhala yofiira litmus. Chifukwa cha hydrolysis ya NH4Cl: ANG’ONO4++H2OANG’ONO3+ ABWENZI3O+

– Za AgNO3 Munjira ziwiri zotsalazo, NaCl idapanga mvula yoyera.

AgNO3 + NaCl → AgCl↓ + NaNO3

Funso 3: Zoyeserera zotsatirazi:

(choyamba). ANG’ONO4AYI2 to

(2). KMnO4 to

(3). ANG’ONO3 + O2 to

(4). ANG’ONO4Cl to

(5). (CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 to

(6). AgNO3 to

Chiwerengero cha zoyesera zopangira chinthu chimodzi ndi:

A. 6

B. 5

C. 4

D. 3

Njira yothetsera:

YankhoC

Chiwerengero cha kuyesa kupanga chinthu chimodzi ndi (1), (2), (3) ndi (6).

(choyamba). AKAZIH4AKAZIO2t0AKAZI2+2H2O

(2). 2KYUSAnO4t0KY2USAnO4+USAnO2+O2

(3). 4AKAZIH3+3O2t02AKAZI2+6H2O

(4). AKAZIH4AKALElt0AKAZIH3+HAKALEl

(5). ANG’ONO42CO3t0AKALEO2+2AKAZIH3+H2O

(6). AgAKAZIO3toAg+AKAZIO2+choyamba2O2

Funso 4: Mchere Waung’ono4Mtengo wa HCO3 gulu

A. mchere wosakaniza.

B. mchere wosalowerera.

C. asidi mchere.

D. mchere wambiri.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO C

Mchere Waung’ono4Mtengo wa HCO3 ndi asidi mchere chifukwa kwambiri HAKALEO3 akadali okhoza kusiyanitsa H+.

Funso 5: Ndi ziti mwa zotsatirazi zomwe zimapangidwa ndi pyrolysis reaction? Ayi zolondola?

A. ANG’ONO4AYI2 toAKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O

B. ANG’ONO4AYI3 toANG’ONO3 + HNO3

C. ANG’ONO4Cl toANG’ONO3 + HCl

D. ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3 toANG’ONO3 + ABWENZI2O + CO2

Njira yothetsera:

Yankho ndi AYI

ANG’ONO4AYI3 to AKAZI2O + 2H2O

Funso 6:Ndi iti mwa pyrolysis reaction yomwe ili yolondola?

A.AKAZIH4AKAZIO3t0AKAZIH3+HAKAZIO3

B.2FeAKAZIO32t02FeO+4AKAZIO2+O2

C.AKALEuAKAZIO32t0AKALEu+2AKAZIO2+O2

D.AKAZIH4AKAZIO2t0AKAZI2+2H2O

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

A akulakwitsa chifukwa ANG’ONO4AYI3 to AKAZI2O + 2H2O

B ndiyolakwika chifukwa 4Fe(NO3)2 to 2 Fe2O3 + 8 AYI2 + O2

C ndiyolakwika chifukwa 2Cu(NO3)2 to 2CuO + 4NO2 + O2

D ndi zolondola.

Ndime 7: Mayankho osiyana osalembedwa alipo: ANG’ONO4AYI3Al (NO3)3(CHIFUKWA4)2SO4. Kuti tisiyanitse mayankho omwe ali pamwambawa, timagwiritsa ntchito yankho

A. NaOH.

B. BaCl2.

C. NAHSO4.

D. Ba (OH)2.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

Onjezani ma reagents awa motsatizana ndi zitsanzo zoyeserera:

A.

– ANG’ONO4AYI3 ndi (ZONSE4)2SO4: gasi wopanda mtundu, wobaya.

– Al(NO.)3)3: mpweya wa colloidal woyera kenako umasungunuka → Al(NO .) yekha ndi amene amapezeka3)3 → mtundu.

Xem thêm:  Quan sát và mô tả cấu tạo của động cơ không đồng bộ ba pha

B.

– ANG’ONO4AYI3 ndi Al (NO3)3: palibe chodabwitsa.

(CHIFUKWA4)2SO4: mvula yoyera → pezani kokha (YANG’ONO)4)2SO4 → mtundu.

C. Palibe mwa zitsanzo zoyeserera zomwe zidawonetsa → kukana.

D.

– ANG’ONO4AYI3: gasi wopanda mtundu, wobaya.

– Al(NO.)3)3: white colloidal precipitate kenako kusungunuka.

– (ZANG’ONO4)2SO4: madzi oyera osasungunuka.

→ pezani mayankho atatu onse.

Ndime 8: Ndemanga zilizonse pansipa? Ayi zolondola za ammonium mchere?

A. Mchere wa ammonium sukhazikika pakutentha.

B. Mchere wonse wa ammonium umasungunuka m’madzi.

C. Ammonium salt ndi ma electrolyte amphamvu.

D. Njira zothetsera mchere wa ammonium nthawi zonse zimakhala zofunikira.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

D ndiyolakwika chifukwa cha ANG’ONO4+ + ABWENZI2O ⇄ ANG’ONO3 + ABWENZI3O+

→ ammonium salt nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi acidity.

Ndime 9:Mtengo wa gasi N2 (pa dtc) yopezedwa ndi pyrolysis wathunthu 16 g SM4AYI2 Kukhala

A. 0.56 lita.

B. 11.20 malita.

C. 1.12 malita.

D. 5.60 malita.

Njira yothetsera:

Yankhani

ANG’ONO4AYI2 to AKAZI2 + 2 NYUMBA2O

nAKAZI2=nAKAZIH4AKAZIO2=16makumi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu anayi=0.25mol

nAKAZI2=0.25.22.4=5.6lita

Funso 10: Mchere (wamng’ono)4)CO3 Ayi Ndi mankhwala ati mwa awa omwe angachuluke akamayankhira mankhwala?

A. Ca (OH)2.

B. MgCl2.

C. FeSO4.

D. NaOH.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

Tili ndi zotsatirazi:

(CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 + Ca (OH)2 → CaCO3+ 2NH3+ 2H2O

(CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 + MgCl2 → MgCO3 + 2 NHS4Cl

(CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 + FeSO4 → FeCO3+ (ZANG’ONO4)2SO4

(CHIFUKWA4)2CO3 + 2NaOH → Na2CO3 + 2 NHS3+ 2H2O.

Funso 11: Sakanizani 300 ml ya NaNO solution2 2M yokhala ndi 200 ml ya SMALL solution4Cl 2M ndiyeno kutentha mpaka zomwe zachitika. Kuchuluka kwa gasi wosonkhanitsidwa ku dtc ndi

A. 22.4 malita.

B. 13.44 malita.

C. 8.96 malita.

D. 1.12 malita.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO C

nAKAZIaAKAZIO2=0.6mol;nAKAZIH4AKALEl=0.4mol

NANO2 + ANG’ONO4Cl to AKAZI2 + NaCl + 2H2O

nAKAZI2=nAKAZIH4AKALEl=0.4mol

jambulaniAKAZI2=0,4.22.4=8.96lita

Ndime 12: Compound X amasungunuka m’madzi kuti apange njira yopanda mtundu. Yankho ili silikuyenda bwino ndi yankho la BaCl2, pochita ndi NaOH kuti apange mpweya wokhala ndi fungo lopweteka, pochita ndi HCl solution, imatulutsa mpweya umene umapangitsa madzi a laimu kukhala mitambo ndi discolor njira yothetsera potassium permanganate. Chinthu ichi ndi

Xem thêm:  NH4Cl (r) → NH3 (k) + HCl (k)

M’BALE WAMKULU4HSO3.

B. Na2SO3.

C. ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3.

D. (CHIFUKWA4)2CO3.

Njira yothetsera:

Yankho A

– X+ NaOH imatulutsa mpweya wonunkhira bwino → cation ndi AKAZIH4+.

– Yankho la X silipanga mpweya wokhala ndi yankho la BaCl2 → asidi kwambiri sangakhale SO42,AKALEO32,SO32.

– Solution X + HCl imapanga mpweya umene umapangitsa kuti madzi a laimu akhale mitambo ndi kuchotsa utoto wa potassium permanganate → anion ndi HSO3.

→ X ndi ANG’ONO4HSO3.

Ndime 13: Mixture X imakhala ndi ANG’ONO4Cl ndi (SMALL4)2SO4. Lolani X achite ndi yankho la Ba(OH).2 kupitirira, kutentha pang’ono kunalandira magalamu 9,32 a mpweya ndi 2.24 malita a gasi otulutsidwa. Mixture X ili ndi kuchuluka kwa

A. 5.28 magalamu.

B. 6.60 magalamu.

C. 5.35 magalamu.

D. 6.35 magalamu.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO WOsavuta

AKAZIH4++OHAKAZIH3+H2OChotsania2++SO42ChotsaniaSO4

nAKAZIH3=0.1molnAKAZIH4+=0.1moln=9.32233=0.04molnSO42=0.04mol

Conservation of charge tili ndi:

nAKALEl=nAKAZIH4+2nSO42=0.02mol

Kutetezedwa kwa mchere wambiri tili ndi:

mmchere = mcationic + manion

→ mmchere = 0.1.18 + 0.04.96 + 0.02.35.5 = 6.35 magalamu

Ndime 14: Onjezani 2.3 magalamu a Na mpaka 200 ml ya yankho (YANG’ono4)2SO4 1M. Kutentha kuti mupeze V malita a gasi (dktc). Mtengo wapatali wa magawo V

A. 1.12.

B. 2.24.

C. 3.36.

D. 10.08.

Njira yothetsera:

YANKHO C

2Na + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2

2NaOH + (Yaing’ono4)2SO4 → 2 ANG’ONO3+ Na2SO4 + 2 NYUMBA2O

→ Mpweya womwe wapezeka uli ndi H2 ndi ANG’ONO3

nAKAZIa=0.1mol;n(AKAZIH4)2SO4=0.2mol

→ nNaOH = 0.1 mol <0.2

nAKAZIH3=0.1moljambulaniAKAZIH3=2.24lita

nH2=nAKAZIa2=0.05moljambulaniH2=1.12lita

→ V = 2.24 + 1.12 = 3.36 malita.

8. Ma equation ena a mankhwala a nayitrogeni ndi mankhwala:

ANG’ONO4Mtengo wa HCO3 toANG’ONO3 + CO2 + ABWENZI2O

(CHIFUKWA4)2SO4 + BaCl2 → BASO4 + 2NH4Cl

(CHIFUKWA4)2SO4 + 2NaOH → Na2SO4 + 2 NHS3 + 2H2O

ANG’ONO3 + HNO3 → ANG’ONO4AYI3

4 ANG’ONO3 + 5 O2 → 4NO + 6H2O

ANG’ONO3 + ABWENZI2O ANG’ONO4OH

2 ANG’ONO3 + ABWENZI2SO4 → (CHIFUKWA4)2SO4

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